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Difference Between Exploratory and Descriptive Research

Key Differences Between Exploratory and Descriptive Research

❶February 24, at 7: How do you define descriptive research design?

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Content: Exploratory Research Vs Descriptive Research
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Exploratory research is flexible and can address research questions of all types what, why, how. Exploratory research is often used to generate formal hypotheses. Shields and Tajalli link exploratory research with the conceptual framework working hypothesis. Exploratory research or formulative research Descriptive research [7] Causal research also referred to as explanatory research [8] Exploratory research or formulative research: There are two research methods for exploring the cause and effect relationship between variables: A Playbook for Research Methods: Integrating Conceptual Frameworks and Project management [1].

See chapter Five for an extensive discussion of exploratory research. Schutt, "Investigating the Social World," 5th ed. The Practice of Social Research. Journal of Public Affairs Education , Vol. Journal of Advertising Research. Integrating Conceptual Frameworks and Project Management. See Chapter four for an extensive discussion of descriptive research. Empirical Political Analysis 8th edition. Retrieved from " https: As shown through our four different examples, this form of research functions best as a starting point for descriptive research.

Descriptive research, on the other hand, can measure your data statistically. That is why descriptive research is the next stop on our train ride through the different research methods.

Hi Yusuf, The answer to your question is that it depends on what your research goals are. Or are you asking open-ended questions to gain information on customer perception? Exploratory research is not defined based on the topic of your study, but instead on the information you are trying to find. If you want to do exploratory survey research on the topic, ask respondents to share their favourite parts of the event and areas where the event can be improved.

This is opposed to writing multiple choice questions that force the respondent to choose from a premade list of answers. This is extremely informative and so simple to understand for novice researchers like myself — I am currently working on my Msc dissertation proposal and the goal of my study is to generate data from nurses and explore their knowledge, perceptions, attitudes and beliefs in the use of music in an emergency department..

I have decided to use two focus groups with participants in each.. In the country I am living in such study has never been done and overall there is a dearth in European literature addressing this topic.. After reading your article my mind is clear that the most suitable design would be exploratory.. I am writing this first of all to thank you for your post and to please ask for your opinion on whether you feel I am on the right track?

I am glad that you found the article so helpful! Sounds like you are right on track in your exploratory research. Focus groups are definitely a great way to develop a better understanding of how a group feels on a topic. After you receive all your valuable feedback, remember that the information is still exploratory. To quantify your findings, you will have to journey to the descriptive or causal forms of research.

But for now your focus groups will be a great starting point to gather general sentiments on the subject, giving you direction for follow up studies. When setting up your focus groups remember to find a good mix of nurses based on different descriptors like age, years employed, gender, location of work, etc. Glad to hear you liked the topic sha sha! I will try to satiate your appetite for research design topics by pumping out more articles!

Research design is the conceptual structure within which research is conducted, constitutes blue print for collection, measurement and analysis of data. Significance of research design to a research project? What are the features of research design? What are the Characteristics of a good research design? It is a series of guide posts to keep one going in the right direction.. It reduces wastage of time and cost.. It encourages co-ordination and effective organization..

It is a tentative plan which undergoes modifications, as circumstances demand, when the study progresses, new aspects, new conditions and new relationships come to light and insight into the study deepens.. It has to be geared to the availability of data and the cooperation of the informants.. It has also to be kept within the manageable limits. Features of good research design?

Characteristics of Research Design Generally a good research design minimizes bias and maximizes the reliability of the data collected and analyzed. The design which gives the smallest experimental error is reported to be the best design in scientific investigation.

Similarly, a design which yields maximum information and provides a opportunity for considering different aspects of a problem is considered to be the most appropriate efficient design. Thus the question of a good design is related to the purpose or objective of the research problem and also with the nature of the problem to be studied. A good research design should satisfy the following four conditions namely objectivity, reliability, validity and generalization of the findings.

It refers to the findings related to the method of data collection and scoring of the responses. The research design should permit the measuring instrument which are fairly objective in which every observer or judge scoring the performance must precisely give the same report.

In other words, the objectivity of the procedure may be judged by the degree of agreement between the final scores assigned to different individuals by more than one independent observer.

This ensures the objectivity of the collected data which shall be capable of analysis and drawing generalizations. Reliability refers to consistency through out a series of measurements. If he is changing his response to the same item, the consistency will be lost. So the researcher should frame the items in a questionnaire in such a way that it provides consistency or reliability. Any measuring device or instrument is said to be valid when it measures what it is expected to measure.

Q should measure only the intelligence and nothing else, and the questionnaire shall be framed accordingly. It means how best the data collected from the samples can be utilized for drawing certain generalisations applicable to a large group from which sample is drawn.

Thus a research design helps an investigator to generalize his findings provided he has taken due care in defining the population, selecting the sample, deriving appropriate statistical analysis etc. Thus a good research design is one which is methodologically prepared and should ensure that: Characteristics of a good research design?

What is the importance of research design to a researcher? Advantages and disadvantages of research research design? The advantages of many research designs include simple structuresand flexibility.

Disadvantages include the lack of shown causation,instrument reactivity, and the placebo effect. Basic research design issues?

There are many issues with basic research designs. One of thesemany issues with basic research designs is that they areinconsistent. What is analytical and exploratory research? Exploratory research is when researcher little idea about topic and not applied previous theories or ideas.

What is research design and types of research design? It is a body of procedures that have to be followed during a research in a field. It is an arrangement of positions within which a research is conducted. What is the research design phase of business research?

Research design requires that researchers transform the research concepts into operational, or measurable, terms by selecting an appropriate research method; determining the population of the study;and developing an instrument for measuring the variables. How is exploratory marketing research conducted? A variety of approaches to this research are used, including use of secondary data sources, observation, interviews with experts, and case histories.

Objective of descriptive and exploratory research? The objective of descriptive and explanatory research is provideinformation why certain things are done in a specific way. Theother purpose is to provide information. Why use a descriptive research design?

Correlational research is descriptive research design. One reasonto use this type of research is that you collect data but there isno alteration of the environment and it is not manipulated.

What are the essentials of good research design? What is the difference between exploratory research and conclusive research?

Functions of research design? The functions of research design include ensuring that theinformation you gather lets you address your research problemeffectively. It is to help get information that is relevant to yourresearch. What is criteria of good research design? There are several criteria for good research design. Goodexperimental research should be logical, systematic, replicable,and logical.

The design of the experiment should reflect thosecriteria. What is the definition of analytical research design? The definition of analytic research design is a certain type ofresearch that depends on critical thinking to discover facts aboutany given topic. Information obtained through this research is thenused to improve processes.


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Exploratory research is research conducted for a problem that has not been studied more clearly, intended to establish priorities, develop operational definitions and improve the final research design.

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Exploratory research design does not aim to provide the final and conclusive answers to the research questions, but merely explores the research topic with varying levels of depth. It has been noted that “exploratory research is the initial research, which forms the basis of more conclusive research.

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Exploratory designs are often used to establish an understanding of how best to proceed in studying an issue or what methodology would effectively apply to gathering information about the issue. The goals of exploratory research are intended to produce the following possible insights: Familiarity with basic details, settings, and concerns. An exploratory research project is an attempt to lay the groundwork that will lead to future studies or to determine if what is being observed might be explained by a currently existing theory. Most often, exploratory research lays the initial groundwork for future research.

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In the context of marketing research, every research problem is unique in its own way, but almost all research problems and objectives can be matched to one of three types of research designs—exploratory, descriptive, or causal. The r. In this lesson, you'll learn about a type of research called exploratory research. You'll achieve a general understanding of the topic through.