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Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

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❶In the Nanking Massacre alone, ,—, people were killed and around , casualties.

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Unlike Hiroshima, Nagasaki lies in a series of narrow valleys bordered by mountains in the east and west. The bomb exploded about m. The radius of destruction for reinforced concrete buildings was m. But because of the topography, and despite the Nagasaki bomb being more powerful, only about 6. Of the 51, buildings in the city Among the , people present when the bomb was dropped, about 2, were labour conscripts from Korea and were prisoners-of-war.

About 73, were killed and 74, injured, with the affected survivors suffering the same long-term catastrophic results of radiation and mental trauma as at Hiroshima. A Uranium bomb, the first nuclear weapon in the world, was dropped in Hiroshima City. It was estimated that its energy was equivalent to 15 kilotons of TNT. Aerial photograph from the 80 kilometers away of the Inland Sea, taken about 1 hour after the dropping.

The stone monument was left alone. The A-bomb Dome is seen in the far distance. On August 7, a corpsman found Masami's dead body, part skeleton. He was identified only by the name on the towel in his hand. He was scheduled to leave the hospital that day.

Lunch Box--Reiko Watanabe 15 at the time was doing fire prevention work under the Student Mobilization Order, at a place meters from the hypocenter. Her lunch box was found by school authorities under a fallen mud wall. Its contents of boiled peas and rice, a rare feast at that time, were completely carbonized.

Her body was not found. It is one of the important clues for establishing the location of the epicenter. The Photographs of Yosuke Yamahata.

Even before Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan was looking for a way out. Indeed, the only thing preventing a Japanese surrender was a matter of semantics: Another reason that the Americans were justified in dropping the bomb was that it ended the war much more quickly than would an invasion. The second of the two atomic bombs was dropped on Nagasaki on August 9, and the Japanese surrendered 5 days later on August 14, The alternative to the use of the atomic bomb, an invasion over land, had been scheduled for November 1 had the bombing not succeeded or had it been cancelled.

This invasion could have dragged on for months, if not years, and the war easily would have carried on into However, the atomic bomb can be dropped at some rural areas instead of heavily populated cities like Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The ultimate aim of the Americans for dropping the atomic bomb was to show the Japanese how powerful American was. Dropping the atomic bomb at a rural area could still show how powerful the atomic bomb was and the Japanese would surrender in the end and not risk letting the Americans to drop another bomb onto a big city which would cause a great loss of lives.

In this way, the Americans can achieve their aim of ending the war sooner while at the same time without destroying the lives of the innocent Japanese citizens. In my opinion, dropping the bombs onto the cities were necessary as United States only had two bombs plus one tested , and the bombs were very expensive and time-consuming to manufacture.

If the Japanese were not sufficiently impressed with the show of strength, then the United States would only have one bomb left to attack Japan with. Since they did not surrender after the bombing of Hiroshima, the Japanese definitely would not have surrendered if the bomb were to drop at a rural area.

The bomb at rural areas would not show the full power of the bomb as clearly as actually using it on a target. Also, the demonstration may not have shown any of the power of the bomb: Even if the bomb did work, the United States would have to tell the Japanese where to look ahead of time, and the Japanese might have put prisoners of war or other people in the target area.

Lastly, I agree with the statement is because the bombings claimed far less lives than would have been taken during an invasion. Between the two cities, there was estimated to have been approximately , deaths as a result of the bombings. President Truman estimated that as many as one million American soldiers would have died in an invasion of Japan, as would most of the two million Japanese soldiers stationed in the home islands, as well as many civilians.

President Truman intended the atomic bomb to be a way to end the war at a minimum cost of American and Japanese lives. By way of comparison, the attack on the naval base at Pearl Harbour killed people and wounded The civilian casualties at Pearl Harbour were 68 dead and 35 wounded 1. It is argued that the attacks on Pearl Harbour on 7 December provide justification for dropping the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki as this is the easiest argument to dispose of. There is an assertion: If you get into an argument with somebody at a bar because you spilled his beer and refused to buy him another one, you are in the wrong, and he has every right to tell everyone in the bar what a prick you are.

This argument might be valid if there were a certain degree of rough proportionality between the attack providing justification and the response. Here, however, there is no proportionality. The disproportionality becomes even more obvious when we note that Beyond the obvious disproportionality, this argument is inapposite in another respect.


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America's decision to use two atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki at the end of World War II has been a topic of intense debate for years following the incident. The bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki are one of best documented historical events in history, while provoking lasting, fervently heated reactions.

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Atomic Bombing in Hiroshima and Nagasaki An atomic bombing in Hiroshima and Nagasaki is a historical event that will forever remain a mystery to the Japanese people. August 6th, is the day that the United States of America used a colossal atomic bombing attack against Japan in Hiroshima.

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Committee on Damage by Atomic Bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Hiroshima and Nagasaki: The Physical, Medical, and Social Effects of the Atomic Bombings (London, ). Nagasaki Nicknamed 'Fat Man' (a reference to Churchill), the bomb, which used plutonium , was dropped by parachute at on 9 August by an American B29 bomber from the Pacific island of Tinian. Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Essay Words | 8 Pages. Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki In August of , both of the only two nuclear bombs ever used in warfare were dropped on the Japanese cities of Nagasaki and Hiroshima. These two bombs shaped much of the world today.

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Even before Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan was looking for a way out. Indeed, the only thing preventing a Japanese surrender was a matter of semantics: Japan wanted to surrender unconditionally without using the words “unconditional surrender. - The Hiroshima Bombing Fifty four years ago, the detonation of the first atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima (and later on Nagasaki) ushered to the Nuclear Age. It was a moment full of horror, in which the eyes of the whole world were opened to the unimaginable possibility of nuclear holocaust.