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Standard Outline Form For the Five-Paragraph Essay

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❶You should use the middle of the paragraph to discuss your support, give examples, and analyze the significance of these examples.

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Each and every dog breed has the ability to both bite and kill, but the appearance and size of some breeds makes that fact hard to believe. It is easy for people to believe that a large and powerful dog such as a Pit Bull would kill a person, and it is easy for people to believe that a small and diminutive dog such as a Pomeranian would not. This is simply not the truth. Very few people, including law enforcement and animal control officers, can properly identify an APBT when asked to in a line-up type of identification tactic; such individuals are not trained in identifying breed characteristics.

According to the National Canine Research Foundation , there are approximately 4. Appearances can be deceiving, and that age old adage definitely applies to canines. Many people believe APBTs are dangerous because they are large, muscular, have large teeth, and are very powerful animals. This is judging simply by appearance. Alternately, many people believe Pomeranians, Poodles, and Chihuahuas are not dangerous because they are pint-sized and unpretentious, fragile and unable to do harm.

Again, this is judging by appearance. Smaller, less stigmatized dogs are dangerous right alongside their strapping counterparts. A 6 week-old baby was left alone in her crib in Los Angeles while her uncle went and made her a bottle. The girl died at the hospital shortly after Los Angeles Times, Small dogs are still dogs and are capable of the same violence as larger dogs.

Dogs are pets but they are still animals, and animals have instincts and do not always understand what is going on around them the way we do, and sometimes they act out in ways that are inappropriate to us. Biting is one of those acts. Dogs bite for many reasons, but those reasons usually fall into two large categories: Aggression can be broken down further, into dominance, defense, fear, predatory, pain, punishment, or redirected.

Dominance aggression occurs when the dog is confused as to who is the boss: Defense aggression can surface when a person startles the dog by approaching too quickly or too closely when the dog is already unsettled. Predatory is a natural reflex that kicks in when the dog sees something very small move very quickly in its peripheral vision, and is worse when more than one dog is present.

Pain aggression is triggered when a person approaches or touches a dog when it is in pain—this can be problematic as people cannot always tell when a dog is not feeling well. Punishment aggression occurs when a person kicks, hits, pulls, yells at, or bites a dog and is another natural reflex.

Redirected occurs when the dog is already on alert or is aggressive in another context i. Protective aggression occurs when a dog feels like it is in a position where it has to protect its home, possessions, or family against something it perceives as a threat.

There are things people can do to reduce their likelihood of being bit by any dog. Owners can take their dog to the vet and have a checkup to make sure there are no medical reasons for aggression. Beginning this way, you will use the first few sentences to prepare, or "lay the groundwork" for your thesis, and use the last sentence of the first paragraph to present your thesis.

However, your thesis statement can be anywhere in your introduction. In a longer essay, you can even wait to present your thesis until the second paragraph or later. Also for a longer essay, you should begin to introduce a few supporting ideas in the first couple of paragraphs. These supporting ideas should be the topics that you will discuss in full in your body paragraphs.

For a short essay, presenting supporting ideas during the introduction is optional. Your second paragraph generally begins the body of the paper. For a longer paper, the body of the paper may not begin until the third paragraph or later. This paragraph should begin with a topic sentence that introduces the first supporting idea the support for your thesis. You should use the middle of the paragraph to discuss your support, give examples, and analyze the significance of these examples.

Your last sentence of the body paragraph could be used to draw a conclusion for that supporting idea, or to transition into the next paragraph. Your next two body paragraphs should follow the same format as your first body paragraph. They should each have a separate topic sentence and supporting ideas, but the three paragraphs should work together to prove your thesis.

If you are writing a longer paper, you will have more than three body paragraphs, but they should all follow this format. The form of your Conclusion , like your introduction, is flexible. One good way to conclude a paper is to begin the last paragraph with a statement that reflects on what has been stated and proved, without repeating it exactly.

It goes without saying that an 8. All text should be double-spaced, with one exception. If one is inserting a lengthy quotation from a resource work, this should be single-spaced and indented. An inch is equal to 14 spaces; however, the best method is to set these margins before beginning to type the final draft.

The indention of paragraphs varies as well so it is important to check the specifications of the particular style requirement. Again, the requirement may vary, from a specifically formatted and separate title page, to title information included on the first page of the paper itself. When a separate title page is required, the placement of information on that page should be specific to the format style indicated.

Also, essay format for title pages may differ with the type of work. A basic essay may include the title, author, and date on the first page of the essay. For a major research work, on the other hand, a fully separate title is required for longer research works. Standard essay format for page numbering varies significantly among the format styles so, again, caution should be taken to get this correct.


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NOTE: Outline points are usually in phrase form, e.g. Adj + N + Prep + N (= Noun Phrase) or parallel verb phrases. The following numbering system is standard and should be followed for outline assignments.

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The 5 paragraph essay is considered to be the standard essay writing assignment. It is used in most exams such as TOEFL, IELTS, and the SAT. Since most of these exams limit the student time-wise in the "Writing" section, students are .

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Each sample outline includes explanations of paragraph and sentence elements like thesis statements, topic and detail sentences, and conclusion. Outlines are provided for a variety of essay types, and a sample outline for a . Quick Review. The number of supporting points or ideas decides the number of paragraphs in an essay. This means, the more supporting points a writer provides, the more paragraphs he/she is to write.

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