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❶Whether Stoker evoked a universal fear, or as some modern critics would have it, gave form to a universal fantasy, he created a powerful and lasting image that has become a part of popular culture. Creativity I Experienced the Power.

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Dracula There are numerous themes and motifs present in Bram Stoker's "Dracula," such as sexuality, femininity, Christianity, superstition, and ancestral bloodline, to name but a few. However, perhaps one of the most obvious themes surrounds sexuality and femininity.

Stoker's "Dracula" can be seen as a sort of Victorian male "Harlequin" novel, filled with adventure, intrigue, and damsels in distress. And much like the Harlequin type novels for women today, Stoker's novel has an underlying theme of dangerous sexuality, the forbidden fruit. Many of Stoker's passages actually read as erotica: The girl went on her knees, and bent over me, simply gloating. There was a deliberate voluptuousness which was both thrilling and repulsive, and as she arched her neck she actually licked her lips like an animal, till I could see in the moonlight the moisture shining on the scarlet lips and on the red tongue Lower and lower went…… [Read More].

Dracula How to Defeat Dracula. I would not send them into Dracula's at the break of dawn; though Dracula was incapacitated during the day, he heard the cockcrow and saw the sun rise with Harker in the mornings. Instead, I would send the party to Dracula's home approximately two hours after sunrise. I would arm the hunting party with garlic, a large number of crucifixes, wild rose, wood ash, long swords, hatchets, guns, and knives. In the book, there are many figures that would be willing to battle Dracula, and it would be important to utilize them in any fight against Dracula.

However, I would not use Holmwood to kill Dracula; Dracula recently killed Holmwood's fiancee, which I think would make Holmwood too distracted and personally invested to be an effective killer. In addition, though Holmwood gave Lucy his blood…… [Read More]. Dracula and Dracula's Guest -. In terms of that fact that some of the smoothest, most ambitiously graphic narrative was already in the succeeding chapters, it may have been a coldly objective decision to hold the "prefatory chapter" back for later publication.

Twitchell writes Twitchell that Dracula's Guest is " One of the best werewolf stories ever written. Dracula the Development of Renfield. Here we have a clear reference to the power of the sun over Count Dracula who sleeps in his coffin during the day and rises after sunset. Thus, Renfield's reaction to the setting of the sun is to be expected, due to being under the control and domination of Dracula.

In Chapter 18 of Dracula, we discover that Renfield has undergone quite a radical change related to his overall demeanor. In fact, he is so changed that he holds an intelligent conversation with Miss Mina Harker, but soon after, he retreats into his old self and pleads with Dr.

Seward to set him free from the sanitarium. Dracula an Analysis of the. The girl is freed from her captor, but only at the cost of the life and soul of the young priest: The 70's sexual and political revolutions were intertwined to such an extent that hardcore pornography and Feminist politics appeared on the scene simultaneously. The cinematic response to this was the slaughter of sexually-active teenagers by homicidal maniacs evil incarnate , while virtuous and chaste maidens like Jamie Lee Curtis' character in Halloween remained alive just long enough for the evil to be driven away by a male authority figure.

Horror films often…… [Read More]. How Setting Is Used in Dracula. Dracula Bram Stoker's Dracula represented for the Victorian reader the assault of the libertine on Victorian sexual morality.

Dracula was a predator who stalked at night and had the capacity to transform himself into a beast in order to escape deduction.

His method was seduction, which led to death, and in an age when propriety concealed all such discussions as sexual adventurism which had to some extent characterized the preceding Romantic Era with another author of Gothic fiction Mary Shelley depicted her husband the poet Percy through the lens of Dr. Frankenstein, the man bent on using pure Reason to achieve his ludicrous aim , Dracula served up a hearty dish of danger and taboo that gave the Victorian audience exactly what it wanted -- a whiff of the underlying sexual tension that the moral code of the time disallowed in public.

Prying open Dracula's coffin was like prying open the…… [Read More]. Dexterously- dexterous; nimble; skillful; clever Sentence: Disquietude - the state of uneasiness; discomfort. Origins of Dracula and the. As Frost emphasizes, "Although there is no reason to believe that Stoker regarded Dracula as anything other than a straightforward story of Good vs. Evil, most commentators today interpret it as a sexual rather than a theological allegory, even going so far as to call it one of the most erotic novels ever written" The legends of vampires that prevailed well into the 19th century throughout Europe were enough to give anyone nightmares, and the author consistently maintained that this was in fact the source of his inspiration for Dracula.

As Frost points out, "Stoker, himself, always maintained that the genesis of his novel was a vivid nightmare; but following recent disclosures about his private life the book has taken on a new significance, and is now generally regarded as an expression of the author's frustrated sensuality" Although the novel is slightly flawed in places from a purely…… [Read More]. What Is the Cultural Significance of Dracula. Dracula's cultural impact Dracula's Immortal Cultural Impact Nearly five centuries after his death, Vlad "Tepes" Dracula's reputation continues to intrigue, inspire, and terrorize people.

Vlad the Impaler, as he was often referred to as, was the Prince of Wallachia in Romania and a three time Voivode of Wallachia, and was born in and killed in action near Bucharest in Vlad the Impaler is known for his leadership as well as his extreme cruelty. It is this terrorizing historical figure, and the lore surrounding him, that inspired Bram toker to write Dracula.

Dracula holds an important place in popular culture thanks to the literary work of Bram toker who published Dracula in While toker's novel is not based upon the historical figure of Dracula, it does draw upon the legend surrounding the prince and provides an insight into Romanian culture, their superstitions, and the area surrounding Transylvania and…… [Read More]. Set in nineteenth-century Victorian England and other countries of the same time, this novel is told in an epistolary format through a collection of letters, diary entries etc.

The main characters include Count Dracula and a small group of men and women led by Dr. Count Dracula is the antagonist character of the novel, and is a vampire. The group of men and women led by Dr. Van Helsing are the main protagonist characters. The novel talks about Count Dracula's endeavor to relocate from Transylvania to England, and his demise. The story begins with an English lawyer, Jonathan Harker, visiting Dracula's castle to assist him with some real estate issues.

During his stay in the castle, Harker discovers that the Count is a vampire and barely escapes with his life. Then the narrative turns into…… [Read More]. Gothic Fiction Dracula is a far more traditional Gothic novel in the classic sense than the four books of the Twilight series, in which Bella Swan and her vampire lover Edward Cullen never even fully consummate their relationship until they are married in the third book Eclipse, and Bella does not finally get her wish to become a vampire until the fourth and final book Breaking Dawn.

Far from being Edward's victim, or used as a pawn and discarded, she is eager to leave her dull, empty middle class life behind and become part of the Cullen vampire family. When she nearly dies giving birth to their half-vampire daughter, Edward finally does 'turn' her to save her life, and to paraphrase the title of the old song, we can only hope that she is satisfied.

Bella in fact is a very traditional and conservative character, including her religion and even…… [Read More]. Heroic Van Helsing in Stoker's. Troy Boone writes Van Helsing "affirms a utilitarian view of the vampire-fighter, whose role is to minimize human suffering by combating evil" Boone.

He goes on to explain how Stoker explores this notion by adding to his summation that Van Helsing realizes the different forces at work. Dracula is "finite, though he is powerful to do much harm" Stoker and he cannot be avoided or ignored, he must be stopped. Such a character leaves Van Helsing as a kind of "monster of righteousness" Bloom , writes Harold Bloom. Van Helsing is the vampire's enemy and opposite and Stoke has situated him in the novel as the only person qualified to fight this evil.

Another way in which Stoker presents Van Helsing as a hero is through the different characters he must face when fighting evil. He is not simply after stopping Dracula. Dracula's women pose the same great threat Dracula…… [Read More].

Monstrous Natures in Frankenstein and. Though the Monster tries to refrain from interfering; "hat chiefly struck me was the gentle manners of these people, and I longed to join them, but dared not…[remembering] too well the treatment I had suffered the night before from the barbarous villagers" The Monster learns how society behaves through the observation of the family, and through the reading of books.

Much like Frankenstein, the Monster is greatly influenced by what he reads including Plutarch's Lives, Sorrow of erter, and Paradise Lost. The Monster's innocence and ignorance, at this point, does not allow him to fully understand or relate to any of the characters in the books The Monster eventually relates to Adam in Paradise Lost, not considering himself a monster, because even "Satan had his companions, fellow devils, to admire and encourage him" Lucy and Mina in Victorian England When.

Lucy and Mina In Victorian England, when Bram Stoker wrote Dracula, the vampire was used as a symbol for, among other things, society's sexual taboos, including overt female sexuality. Nowhere is this idea better explored than in the characters of friends Lucy estenra and Mina Murray. In Stoker's book, Lucy is symbol of the improper female, the one who is coquettish and flirtatious and sparks sexual interest in the male. Mina is her opposite. She is the ideal Victorian woman whose function is to be chaste and supportive of her future husband.

Mina's attraction to men is always one of potential wife or mother. These ideas were somewhat diluted in the film version to make a horror story with less moral and more thrill, although the flirtatious girl still dies and her less sexual counterpart still survives.

In the novel, the line between good and evil tends to be…… [Read More]. Frankenstein or the Modern Prometheus. He writes, "Lucy Westenra, but yet how changed. The sweetness was turned to adamantine, heartless cruelty, and the purity to voluptuous wantonness" Stoker It is clear that wantonness is not a characteristic to be admired in Victorian times, because he compares her wantonness to cruelty, as well.

Clearly, both these novels echo the time they were written and society's views on women. Women play insignificant and "wanton" roles in both books, and they are a source of motherly love and distress.

One critic, however, feels the novel may be a beacon of change, too. He writes, "Dracula is not only a threat but also imaginative and physical vitality, a catalyst for change. The novel suggests that a new understanding of sexuality and decay is necessary for any attempt to attain social order and growth" Boone.

What is most interesting about these two novels is that they portray relatively like…… [Read More]. Gothic Literature in 18th Century England. Relationship of "The Old English Baron" and "Vathek" to 18th Century English Gothic Fiction The rise of Gothic fiction in English literature coincided with the advent of the Romantic Era at the end of the 18th century and beginning of the 19th century.

Gothic masterpieces such as Shelley's Frankenstein, Lewis's The Monk, and Stoker's Dracula would capture the imagination by fueling it with the flames of horror, suspense, other-worldliness and mystery.

These elements are significant because the Age of Enlightenment had been characterized by a cold, objective, analytical focus on nature and humankind. It had been based on the concept that reason was sufficient to explain all events in the world and in fact all creation. Part of this interest in the Gothic was inspired…… [Read More].

This report will aim at discovering some of the positive elements that Romania has to offer and the adequate means by which these elements can be promoted to the audience we are addressing.

The report contains two essential parts: Exciting Event in Life Eastern. I was reluctant to join them at first, but then I realized I had nothing to lose they seemed ok. The exhibition was completely different from what I expected. Romania was definitely not what I expected it to be! Matters got hotter as I mingled into the group and I was no longer a stranger. It seemed I was part of a bad comedy movie where a bunch of westerners are quickly assimilated in a third-world country culture and the locals are all friendly but they actually want to rob and kill you.

Well, considering that I am still able to type these words, nothing bad happened to me and I really enjoyed my time in Romania. The people who were mostly…… [Read More]. Byron and Polidori John Polidori's. Giaour is cursed to be a vampire as punishment, while Ruthven seems to revel in the power and the role this gives him. He also describes women as adulteresses and worse and treats them as fodder for his needs on every level. Aubrey notes this and does not like it, but he also does not manage to escape from the man or his way of life.

In the end, his own sister is destroyed by this man, just as was Ianthe and countless others. Of course, Giaour also indulges in illicit sex with Leila, certainly illicit in the Muslim social order, though it would be in Europe as well.

Leila's relationship with Hassan would also be seen as illicit in Europe, though, which is why Byron makes the point of noting that this sort of arrangement was more common in the past than it is in his own time. Sound in Cinema the End of the. Sound in Cinema The end of the era of silent film and the movement to sound effects was an inevitable occurrence in cinema. As the viewers clamored to identify a more realistic portrayal of subjects in the film, the worldwide industry of cinema transitioned quickly from rudimentary sound effects to the prospect of "talkies" by the s.

However, even with the vanguard and innovation of synchronized sounds at the peak of Golden Age cinema, many critics and directors alike were uneasy with this rapid movement from silence to sound.

The beginnings of silent film era produced motion animation based on black and white still photography. The idea of montage became a further artistic expression in the industry, popular amongst experimental photographers and directors of the early s to s Alexandrov.

Once life and movement became achievable in films, however, viewers and filmmakers saw the opportunity to include sound within the…… [Read More]. Designing the First Phonograph. This instrument was originally created in by Thomas Alva Edison 1. This fact is extremely important because it indicates that the record player was invented at the end of the Industrial Revolution 2 and prior to modernity, which began in earnest during the 20th century.

The historical context of the record player is important in terms of its design, which primarily reflected functionality. The record player is the first invention that could ever record information outside of conventional writing.

Its principal importance is that it signaled the shift in which society stopped collecting physical objects as much as it began collecting information, which influenced its design and its evolution to this very day. The initial design of the very first phonograph was extremely pragmatic in nature. To truly understand the way it was designed it is necessary…… [Read More].

Cinema as art serves several functions, not least of which is visual impact. Yet because motion pictures are inherently multimedia, soundscape, theater, and writing converge with the elements of visual cinematography and mis-en-scene. Film is often dichotomized, placed into an artificial binary of art films versus films made for a popular audience and designed for entertainment.

However, many movies in the history of cinema prove that the line between art and entertainment is at its blurriest with filmmaking. Some films have also reached the level of being considered "classics," either in their specific genre or in the gamut of filmmaking. One of those films is the original version of Nosferatu. Murnau, the film Nosferatu exemplifies surreal and haunting cinematography, deft use of timing, pacing, and editing, as well as integration of sonic elements.

Murnau's Nosferatu has been called the "best and most artistically-realized" film about…… [Read More]. Metonymics in Little Dorit Metonymy. One cannot build the right sort of house -- the houses are not really adequate, "Blinds, shutter, curtains, awnings, were all closed and drawn to keep out the star.

Grant it but a chink or keyhole, and it shot in like a white-hot arrow. The inside, but for some reason, it is also the authority involved, and one that is able to ensure adequacy. In a similar vein, the "churches were freest from it," but they offer only an homage' to safety, and use their power to shut people out from the light that "made the eyes ache" and had been inhumanly oppressive.

The prison, though, is "so repulsive a place that even the obtrusive star blinked at it and left it to such refuse of reflected light as could find. Accounting the Most Effective Means. Accounting, thereby, had achieved Foucault's definition of knowledge as power over people per excellence.

By the s, however, person as decision-maker replaced this vision of person as machine, and accounting still has power in our society, but a different sort of power. Likewise, accounting still possesses its constructivism i. Individuals are viewed, measured, and criticized within programmatic frameworks, and Miller and O'Leary suggest that accounting today can still be viewed as part of the heritage and structure albeit slightly changed of the traditional mode of power that it was in the early decades of this century.

In other words, the slanted domination of accounting…… [Read More]. Victorian Childhood and Alice in Wonderland. They had to behave like the adults did, follow all rules, they had to be seen but not heard. Children, however, are naturally curious; unable to sit for long periods of time, and as part of normal cognitive development, consistently asking questions about the world. In fact, childhood is the period when a child acquires the knowledge needed to perform as an adult.

It is the experiences of childhood that the personality of the adult is constructed. Alice's adventures, then, are really more of a set of curiosities that Carroll believed children share. Why is this, who is this, how does this work?

For Victorians, control was part of…… [Read More]. Creativity I Experienced the Power. A team member was to hide behind the sheet and grab at or scare people as they walked by. This was extremely effective because the sheet looked like the wall and nobody expected anything to come from behind the wall.

We decided to have a table of gross things in our hall of horrors, which consisted of the typical peeled grapes, spaghetti, and squishy Jell-O. Underneath the tables team members would grab at the legs of people as they made their way through the hall of horrors. This was also very effective because no one thought to look underneath the tables. It took days to get the sheets cut and pieced.

Then we had to find tables. We also had to come up with the ideas for what we were going to put on the tables. Everyone on the team had a specific project. Someone had to make sure all…… [Read More]. Communication in the Media Specifically.

The "Halloween" films that continue to be so popular are prime examples, but just about any horror film made within the past three decades follows basically the same formula, they have just gotten increasingly sexual and violent, as society has continued to embrace the genre. There are literally hundreds of other graphic examples, such as "Saw," an extremely violent film that has spawned six other films, and the examples of so many films being released in These films do not celebrate the woman, they demean her, and the fact that they are celebrated by society is troubling and agonizing at the same time.

Some of the films that empower women into the hero roles include "Terminator 2," the "Alien" series, "Misery," and other films glorify or at least acknowledge the female predator or warrior, offering up a different view of women as successful anti-heroes.

However, most of these films…… [Read More]. Damnation Game Baker Clive The. However, he lives in fear, a fear not much different from his original, impoverished circumstances in a war-torn city as a thief.

His morality is equally as questionable as it was so long ago -- Whitehead is just as much of a robber as an industrialist as he was when he was a petty criminal in Warsaw. He is also just as arrogant, as he arranges for another criminal Marty Strauss, to act as his bodyguard, believing that human agents can protect him against the will of Mamoulian, even though Mamoulian can control the undead and control the minds of the living.

Whitehead's incestuous relationship with his drug-addicted daughter Carys makes it even more difficult to the reader to sympathize with this character who seems morally unredeemable from beginning to end. The shadowy figure of Mamoulian who wishes to possess Whitehead seems less realistic and clearly defined than Whitehead the…… [Read More].

Stanley Kubrick the Madness of. Strangelove, put him over the top" p. The learning curve was clearly sharp for Kubrick, and he took what he had learned in these earlier efforts and put this to good use during a period in American history when everyone was already ready to "duck and cover": According to Mcdouglas , Dr. A Space Odyssey, and a Clockwork Orange were all later listed by the American Film Institute as being among the top one hundred American films of cinema's first century. In addition, "Each of these films provoked heated debate and each was a box-office success" Mcdouglas, , p.

The popular response to Kubrick's movie, , in particular, was the result of an…… [Read More]. De Meo Gang Murder Machine. The Gambino crime family began to fall apart after the head of its founder died. It had split into two factions. This book centers on the more ruthless Brooklyn faction. Away from the scrutiny of the Manhattan police, for many years it could do what it wished.

Gene Mustain and Jerry Capeci spare no details in detailing the cruel jokes these men told to one another while they engaged in their killing spree, nor the callousness of their attitudes towards their victims.

The reason that these criminals were so effective at getting rid of bodies was because they were willing to do the unthinkable -- maim the corpses, and bury them piecemeal to avoid discovery. Some of the maiming they engaged in was gruesome without even a practical point to the violence. One of Roy's cousins was called Dracula, because he specialized in training the blood from the bodies.

Ivan IV or Ivan the. This group did not really have any political power as a legislative body. However, it was a way for Ivan's administration to gather support amongst a wide range of people. Consequently, one of his early and important reforms involved changes in the church. All of these new policies were documented in a book called Stoglav. Technological Observations of Henry Adams. His neck, a mechanical part of him, has become so overwrought by the pressures and complexity of technology that it has stopped working.

Whole segments of the American nation have become powerless by the overwhelming pomposity of the new inventions that, unable to keep up with the new dialect, they have surrendered to the more youthful marchers and have become trodden underfoot.

The old American not only becomes defunct; worse still, he becomes extinct. The pre-electric era was relatively benign to the present and future potential terrors. Those "earlier stages of progress" were "simple and easy [for humans] to absorb" 7 and beneficial in that they helped him do his work without overwhelming him and attaching his esteem. Night of the Living Dead. Even in shots that might be steady, such as the sheriff is standing and talking to his men, frequent cuts are used in place of slow zooms or pans to shift the eye's focus.

Ramero uses scale to great advantage in this sequence to help build a sense of detachment from all the humans character. It is impossible to tell from the air whether the hunters are men or zombies, because they are so distant. At this point the shots begin to become more…… [Read More]. Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde.

Hyde To truly appreciate the greatness of the short psychological thriller and science fiction novel by Robert Louis Stevenson, Dr. Hyde, one must approach this 19th century novel with new eyes, unfettered by the recent film versions of the tale, and of the common cultural knowledge of what transpires over the novel's last few pages.

Even people who have never read the book or seen a film version of Dr. Hyde 'know what happens' at the climax and 'know' the truth or spoiler ending, that the two protagonists or adversaries are the same man, both warring for one body.

Even people whom have watched Looney Toon cartoons and seen other parodies of Stevenson have become aware of the novel's cultural significance -- to say someone has a Dr.

Hyde personality means they are of a divided self,…… [Read More]. Career of Boris Karloff -. One of the most unique performances of Karloff's career was narrating the Dr. Seues cartoon "How the Grinch Stole Christmas.

Karloff was the coach of the UCLA cricket team. He also liked to hike. His wife was not an actress, and they had one daughter together, Sara Jane born in Karloff was kind-spiritied and generous, donating large amounts of money to charities for children.

He was also a charter member of the Screen Actor's Guild, and was quite active in the movement to get safer working conditions for movie actors in the s. After many successful films, he returned to theatrical acting on roadway in , when he starred in the first production of "Arsenic and Old Lace. Gothic Feminism in Wollstoncraft and. The lack of rights within marriage that makes women basically "property" to the man is obviously central to this story, as indicated by the way in which Maria is imprisoned.

There are a variety of ways in which this most disturbing of issues is addressed in the book. Women who are married loose control over their own bodies, and are required to submit to caresses to which their soul does not consent. One woman in the madhouse is, in fact, there specifically because she could not tolerate her husband's caresses.

In consequence of his treatment Maria declaims bitterly of how her husband deteriorates into a…… [Read More]. If one is going to define humanity, especially in the post-Darwinian age, then it would seem that humanity, to be set apart, would depend on altruistic feelings and use of intelligence rather than selfish feelings and use of brute force alone. In this respect, there is little to separate the producers of TV reality shows from Dr. Moreau, and, by extension, little to separate the participants from the man-beasts.

Moreau to Mary…… [Read More]. These are movie companies and their entire image revolved around the number of participants of their films.

People who wanted to see the movies being made had to go to the studios in order to see them. They made movies in a profitable manner for the sake of the studios, but placed the entire industry under their control and dominated over it.

Progression of Film Cinema. Today, more than forty years later, the special effects for a film are still in an evolutionary stage, and the Star ars one was the first films to use the 3 dimensional Computer Generated Images technique in a feature film. Today, visual and special effects are even more popular than they were a few years back, and when Luxo, which was the first computer generated film to be nominated for an Oscar, was created, with the subject of the film being a desk lamp, which would talk and walk, it was indeed a landmark for the film world in the development of technique.

The 'Toy Story' was produced in , and this film used both computer generated images as well as hand drwan ones throughout the movie. In 'Lord of the Rings', the character of Gollum was a computer generated one, and when this image was used in conjunction with…… [Read More]. Tradition of Writing Looking Back. While I do not believe that Narnia exists, I do believe it exists and can be reached through a wardrobe while reading that book. In contrast, while most modern romance novels are set in modern-day, realistic settings, the events within them are so obviously contrived that it detracts from, rather than enhances, the storyline.

Therefore, I think that fiction writing teachers need to concentrate on teaching students how to write about the fantastic in a plausible manner. Examining my own conclusions about the tradition of writing, I have come to the conclusion that the separation of genres hinders good writing.

Whatever the genre, my favorite writing tends to feature conversational and engaging writing. Dracula is one of the most famous horror novels of all time. Published in , the book garnered much critical and popular attention at the time of its publication and through the years has spawned countless stories and novels by other authors, as well as numerous theatrical and cinematic adaptations.

In fact, Dracula has never gone out of print since its first publication. Many critics regard the novel as the best-known and most enduring Gothic vampire story ever published. Dracula is an epistolary novel, comprised of journal entries, letters, newspaper clippings, a ship's log, and phonograph recordings. In the first part of the novel, a young English solicitor, Jonathan Harker, is sent to Transylvania to counsel a wealthy client, Count Dracula.

During Harker's two-month stay at Dracula's castle, he becomes disconcerted by Dracula's odd appearance, eccentricities, and predatory behavior; he begins to fear for his safety. After some investigation, Harker discovers that Dracula sleeps in a coffin in a crypt beneath the castle during the day and spends his nights stealing babies from the nearby town. He attempts to escape the castle, where he has become a hostage. After being courted by three worthy suitors, Lucy has accepted the marriage proposal of Arthur Holmwood, the future Lord Godalming.

While on vacation in Whitby with Lucy and her mother, Mina chronicles in her diary the mysterious arrival of a Russian schooner, containing fifty boxes of earth, the corpses of the ship's crew, and a large black dog, which quickly disappears after landing.

Lucy begins acting strangely, and Mina finds two tiny holes in Lucy's neck. Abruptly, Mina is called to Budapest to tend to Jonathan, who has escaped Dracula's castle and is suffering from brain fever.

When he is sufficiently recovered, the two marry. Meanwhile, Lucy's condition deteriorates, and she gets weaker and paler. Holmwood appeals to his friend and former rival for Lucy's affections, the doctor Seward, to assess her condition. He also calls in a specialist, Dr. Despite various treatments, Lucy dies. After Harker and Mina return to London, Harker sees Dracula on the street but begins to doubt his own sanity. Reports in the newspaper detail the abduction of several small children near the cemetery where Lucy was buried.

Harker describes his experiences in Dracula's castle to Van Helsing, who connects Dracula with Lucy; he realizes that Lucy has become a vampire and is abducting and biting local children. Van Helsing, Seward, Holmwood, and another of Lucy's former suitors, Morris, trap Lucy, drive a stake through her heart, and cut off her head.

Then they place holy wafers in several of the boxes of earth found on the Russian schooner, thereby rendering the coffins uninhabitable for vampires. Meanwhile, Dracula has chosen Mina for his next victim and begins to turn her into a vampire.

Van Helsing and his crew try to save her, but realize they have to kill Dracula to do it. They track Dracula to his London home, yet he manages to escape. They follow him to Europe, and after a struggle, they drive a knife through his heart and cut off his head. As Dracula's body disintegrates, Mina is saved. Initially, Dracula was interpreted as a straightforward horror novel.

Yet later critics began to explore the theme of repressed sexuality within the story. Commentators asserted that the transformation of Dracula's female victims, Lucy and Mina, from chaste to sexually aggressive should be considered a commentary on the attitude toward female sexuality in Victorian society. Homoerotic elements in the relationship between Dracula and Harker have also been detected.

Moreover, the drinking of blood has been regarded as a metaphor for sexual intercourse, and the stakes that kill Lucy and three other vampire women have been discussed as phallic symbols. Critics have since tended to view Dracula from a Freudian psychosexual standpoint; however, the novel has also been interpreted from folkloric, political, feminist, and religious points of view. Other commentators have identified themes of parricide, infanticide, and gender reversal in Dracula.

Autobiographical aspects of the novel have also been a topic of critical discussion, as a few commentators maintain that the novel is based on Stoker's traumatic experiences with doctors—and particularly the procedure of blood-letting—as a sickly child. The literary origins of Dracula have been investigated, such as Dr. Early critical reaction to Dracula was mixed.

One critic even advised keeping the novel away from children and nervous adults. Today the name of Dracula is familiar to many people who may be wholly unaware of Stoker's identity, though the popularly held image of the vampire bears little resemblance to the demonic being that Stoker depicted.

Adaptations of Dracula in plays and films have taken enormous liberties with Stoker's characterization. A resurgence of interest in traditional folklore has revealed that Stoker himself did not conform to established vampire legend.

Yet Dracula has had tremendous impact on readers since its publication. Whether Stoker evoked a universal fear, or as some modern critics would have it, gave form to a universal fantasy, he created a powerful and lasting image that has become a part of popular culture. Count Dracula, who gives his name to the book, is a Transylvanian noble who purchases an estate in England, and Bram Stoker's Dracula, that somewhat belated apparition from the sub-literary pits of Gothic horror fiction, has enjoyed a continuous notoriety since its first printing in


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Dracula is a book written by Bram Stoker. The Dracula literature essays are academic essays for citation. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of Dracula.

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Essays and criticism on Bram Stoker's Dracula - Dracula, Bram Stoker. This quote from Karen Horney's essay The Distrust Between the Sexes seems to be discussing Dracula. Though her essay, (a lecture originally given to the German's .

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Dracula has been assigned to many literary genres including vampire literature, horror fiction, the gothic novel and invasion literature. Characters Details: Primary Characters-Count Dracula: A centuries-old vampire and Transylvanian nobleman, Count Dracula inhabits a crumbling castle in the Carpathian Mountains. Read this essay on Dracula Essay. Come browse our large digital warehouse of free sample essays. Get the knowledge you need in order to pass your classes and more. Only at igmosb.gq".