In the Five Years Plans Stalin and his apostles were harsh to the laborers. Being late for work was an arrestable offense, workers were even arrested when a machine broke or when someone made a mistake at work. The working conditions were horrible and the hours were too long. Both Stalin and Napoleon failed to realize the cost of their policies. Stalin and his revolutionary leaders educate people in ways of communism, this is similar to Napoleon having the younger pigs educated and schools formed particularly for them.
This brings faith and beliefs to all of the animals. He comes back again to the farm when Napoleon needed him. This portrays when Stalin reinstalled the Russian Orthodox Church. Orwell uses him to show how communism and Stalin exploit religion as something with which to appease the oppressed.
Stalin and Napoleon both needed to pacify the people or animals they oppressed. Snowball starts to teach the animals to read, while Napoleon takes a group of puppies to educate them.
This scares all of the animals and makes them fear the power that Napoleon now holds. He adapts himself in becoming a powerful, forceful, and uncanny leader that all animals will respect and not question his authority.
Stalin possessed the ability to frighten people and to cover their faces with fear, because of his sheer strength and power he held. But notice the difference: The Pigs in Animal Farm wanted animals to be equal without the ruling power of the humans.
They seeked this equality through a democracy trying to preserve liberty. What ended up happening was not their original intent. Napoleon quickly rises to power and begins to act more and more like a human being. He is sleeping in a bed, drinking whisky, and engaging in trade with other farmers going against the original Animalist principles that he instilled.
George Orwell based this story on the Soviet Union during the Stalin era. The characters portray actual people in the Russian Revolution. The animals hoped for better lives but in the end, it just became more worse. In the Soviet Union, the ruling class was supposed to help detect major problems of the society but failed to do so which resulted in it remaining the same and even worsening.
Utilizing the form of the animal fable, the short novel chronicles the story of a group of barnyard animals that revolt against their human masters in an attempt to create a utopian state. On a larger scale, commentators widely view Animal Farm as an allegory for the rise and decline of socialism in the Soviet Union and the emergence of the totalitarian regime of Joseph Stalin.
Critics regard the story as an insightful and relevant exploration of human nature as well as political systems and social behavior. After its translation into Russian, it was banned by Stalin's government in all Soviet-ruled areas. The story opens as the barnyard animals of Manor Farm discuss a revolution against their master, the tyrannical and drunken farmer Mr.
Old Major, an aging boar, gives a rousing speech in the barn urging his fellow animals to get rid of Jones and rely on their own efforts to keep the farm running and profitable. Identified as the smartest animals in the group, the pigs—led by the idealistic Snowball and the ruthless Napoleon—successfully plan and lead the revolution.
After Jones and his wife are forced from the farm, the animals look forward to a society where all animals are equal and live without the threat of oppression. But soon, the pigs begin to assume more power and adjust the rules to suit their own needs. They create and implement an ideological system, complete with jingoistic songs and propaganda as well as strict rules. Once partners and friends, Napoleon and Snowball disagree on several issues regarding the governing of the farm. Snowball's attempted coup is repelled by a pack of wild dogs—controlled by Napoleon—who also enforce punishment against the other animals when they oppose or question Napoleon's rule.
Before long, the pigs separate themselves from the other animals on the farm and begin to indulge in excessive drinking and other decadent behavior. Under the protection of the dogs, they consolidate their iron-fisted rule and begin eliminating any animal they consider useless or a threat to their power. Animal Farm ends with the majority of the animals in the same position as in the beginning of the story: Critics note that like many classical animal fables, Animal Farm is an allegory—in this case, of the Russian Revolution and the rise of Stalin's tyrannical government.
It is generally accepted that Orwell constructed his story to reflect this purpose: Manor Farm represents Russia; Mr. Jones is the tsar; the pigs represent the Bolsheviks, the bureaucratic power elite; Snowball is Leon Trotsky, who lost a power struggle with Stalin; Napoleon is Stalin; and Napoleon's dogs are Stalin's secret police, known as the GPU.
The corruption of absolute power is a major theme in Animal Farm. As most of the animals hope to create a utopian system based on the equality of all animals, the pigs—through greed and ruthlessness—manipulate and intimidate the other animals into subservience.
Critics note that Orwell was underlining a basic tenet of human nature: In that sense Animal Farm is regarded as a cautionary tale, warning readers of the pitfalls of revolution. Animal Farm is regarded as a successful blend of political satire and animal fable. Completed in , the book remained unpublished for more than a year because British publishing firms declined to offend the country's Soviet allies. It has been translated into many languages but was banned by Soviet authorities throughout the Soviet-controlled regions of the world because of its political content.
As a result of the book's resounding commercial success, Orwell was freed from financial worries for the first time in his life. Lenin was responsible for changing Russia into the U. One of Lenin's allies was Leon Trotsky , another Marxist thinker who participated in a number of revolutionary demonstrations and uprisings. His counterpart in Animal Farm is Snowball, who, like Trotsky, felt that a worldwide series of rebellions was necessary to achieve the revolution's ultimate aims.
Snowball's plans for the windmill and programs reflect Trotsky's intellectual character and ideas about the best ways to transform Marx's theories into practice. Trotsky was also the leader of Lenin's Red Army, as Snowball directs the army of animals that repel Jones. Eventually, Trotsky was exiled from the U. Like Napoleon, Stalin was unconcerned with debates and ideas.
Instead, he valued power for its own sake and by had assumed complete control of the Communist Party through acts of terror and brutality. Napoleon's dogs are like Stalin's KGB, his secret police that he used to eliminate all opposition. As Napoleon gains control under the guise of improving the animals' lives, Stalin used a great deal of propaganda — symbolized by Squealer in the novel — to present himself as an idealist working for change.
His plan to build the windmill reflects Stalin's Five Year Plan for revitalizing the nation's industry and agriculture. Stalin's ordering Lenin's body to be placed in the shrine-like Lenin's Tomb parallels Napoleon's unearthing of old Major's skull, and his creation of the Order of the Green Banner parallels Stalin's creation of the Order of Lenin.
George Orwell's Animal Farm Essay - George Orwell's Animal Farm George Orwell wrote ‘Animal Farm’ as an allegory, which is a simple story, with a more complicated idea running alongside it.
This free English Literature essay on Essay: Animal Farm by George Orwell is perfect for English Literature students to use as an example.
SOURCE: Review of Animal Farm, by George Orwell. Times Literary Supplement (25 August ): [In the following review, the reviewer considers Orwell's views on revolution and dictatorship as. Essay by George Orwell 9-J March 17, 1 George Orwell's Animal Farm is a political satire of a totalitarian society ruled by a mighty dictatorship, in all probability an allegory for the events surrounding the Russian Revolution of The animals of "Manor Farm" overthrow their human master after a long history of mistreatment.
Animal Farm by George Orwell. The short novel Animal Farm that was published in is being considered as one of the most enduring writings of George Orwell. - Animal Farm Essay by George Orwell In the book Animal Farm, by George Orwell, the idea of how power can corrupt is depicted in the novel. The theme of the novel is “Power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely”.