Alcoholism prevention, prevention of child abuse, and child care for the populations of elementary and junior high school children. Parenting, child-birth classes, child abuse prevention, stress management for young adults. Reproductive and sexual concerns for middle aged adults. Sensory loss, rape prevention, loss of loved ones for elderly patients.
The next level of health promotion is secondary prevention. These interventions used by nurses are used after the patient has an illness or is at serious risk. The goal is to recognize the disease process at its earliest stage and slow or stop its progression.
Interventions include medication compliance for example: Regular exams and screenings are recommended for those patients at risk. Institute for work and health, Secondary prevention is used for individuals who are currently using tobacco products. Interventions used are successful cessation courses, evidence-based treatment of tobacco dependence, pharmacotherapy, individual and group counseling. This is utilized at the earliest stages of tobacco addiction to help patients quit and remain smoke free.
Tertiary prevention The last level in health promotion is tertiary prevention. These interventions focus on the management and care of patients with disease and the prevention of further deterioration while maximizing the quality of life. Institute for work and health, Tertiary prevention is used when managing long-term health problems such as diabetes, heart disease, and cancer. Some examples of tertiary prevention include programs for cardiac or stroke patients, support groups, and pain management programs.
Primary and secondary preventions were used in the treatment of stress but with all the interventions stress continues to occur in most individuals. Tertiary prevention relies on both help from the individual and help from other medical professionals. It reaches out for additional assistance from employers and outside resources to ensure appropriate programs are available.
Health promotion used by nurses is commonly associated with the general principles of basic nursing. Patient education is a regularly used intervention used by nurses in an everyday setting.
Health educators are taught health promotion, interventions, state regulations, specific policies, and they must have the ability to apply this education to their patients. Because of the growing diverse population, nurses must become more patient-focused health promoters. While general education is still used, the different patient groups require different health promotional needs. The most important skill is effective communication. They must be able to encourage their patients and their families to have an active participation in their treatment planning.
The patients must feel comfortable expressing their feelings about their plan of care. Nurses can help their patients by leading by example. This can be achieved by being healthy role models, living healthy lifestyles, and through positive and caring attitudes that promote health and well-being.
Nurses must also possess skill-related competencies including teamwork, time management, data collection, critical thinking, and interpretation of information given from a variety of sources.
In conclusion, health promotion is more important than ever. Health promotion includes primary, secondary, and tertiary preventions.
These include education, practice, research, and reinforcement that teaches patients how to prevent and manage diseases. As the population continues to grow, nurses are sought out as educators and not just caregivers. Nurses are also capable of providing the public with the education it needs to prevent illness and disease, and promote quality healthcare.
By expanding emphasis not only on the individual, but family and community groups as well, a wider outreach for public health, promotion, and education can be addressed. There are three types of prevention described as primary, secondary and tertiary, which aim to prevent the onset of a targeted condition GCU, Through health promotion, prevention, and intervention, the future of healthcare can be based on educating the public to promote longevity and quality of life by using primary, secondary and tertiary preventions.
By providing health promotion to others, the nurse is enabling the individual to take control, responsibility and action for their own healthcare. Through seminars, lectures, handouts, and teaching, nurses are educating the public to become their own advocates of care. Through the use of health promotion and education, the nurse is teaching the individual about disease, prevention, and how to promote for the care of themselves and their families.
There are multiple dimensions that must be taken into consideration when referring to the health of an individual including, physical, mental, spiritual, and social. With the evolution of healthcare, nurses must begin to increase their efforts in health promotion by viewing the individuals they serve as holistic, and also considering the families and communities as well. Health promotion is an important concept for nursing as it encompasses the nurse in collaboration with other healthcare professionals.
Nurses must incorporate the three levels of prevention when implementing health promotion throughout all areas of nursing including acute care settings, long-term care settings, community and public health, and mental health. By utilizing each type of prevention, nurses are able to educate and advocate quality client care to the public in a way that will be most beneficial to them. Of each prevention type, primary prevention is the most beneficial, as it helps to avoid or avert any health illness, disease, or negative lifestyle behavior before it originates.
The use of secondary prevention is valuable to the individual who might have a certain health illness or condition and is unaware as its primary focus is aimed at screening and identification of illnesses before they begin. Tertiary prevention is focused on maintenance and care of an illness that is already prevalent and has already been established GCU, While tertiary prevention is classified as a prevention type, it emphasizes its efforts on managing and conserving illnesses after they have already been recognized unlike those in the primary and secondary prevention levels.
Although there are three levels of prevention and all are different, they may overlap at times, which should not be confused by healthcare providers. In order to maximize education and quality health promotion, it is essential to determine which type of intervention should be utilized to improve and increase quality care for each individual.
With the ever-changing healthcare system, healthcare professionals should focus their efforts on curing not just caring.
With the use of technology today and the ever-changing healthcare system, the nurse can adequately inform the community about healthcare promotion and education to evolve the future into a healthy way of life. By investing in the promotion of quality health, we are saving in healthcare costs as prevention promotes for fewer hospitalizations and long term health care. Through the use of education, health promotion and prevention can become a widespread, economical intervention in the move to implementing a healthy, quality lifestyle.
Levels of Disease Prevention. Retrieved September 6, from http: Journal Of Advanced Nursing, 51 5 ,
Mental health promotion does remain the most underdeveloped area of health promotion even though there is an increasing recognition that 'there is no health without mental health' Christodoul (). Positive mental health involves self-esteem, being able to solve problems and the ability to adapt to stress.
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Health promotion is an important concept for nursing as it encompasses the nurse in collaboration with other healthcare professionals. The nurse’s role may include patient advocate, healer, client educator, care manager, and nursing researcher (Edelman & . Health Promotion: The Importance of Vaccinations Essay - Health promotion is a vital component to the healthy of a society, is a key component of Healthy People , and is a major role of the nurse.
Health Promotion Health promotion is defined as the provision of information and/or education to individuals, families and communities that encourage family unity, community commitment, and traditional spiritually that makes positive contributions to their health status (Definition of igmosb.gq). This essay shall discuss a health promotion forum on awareness and prevention of “Skin cancer” which was carried out by student nurses.